Bahá’ís take their civic responsibilities seriously and uphold the authority of established governments through loyalty and obedience to the laws of their country. Bahá’ís, in whatever country they reside, are prohibited from holding membership in any political party or faction. While participating in elections for their government, they abstain from partisanship. Bahá’ís may serve their government in administrative posts but do not accept political appointments or run for elected office. Such service reflects the practice within the Bahá’í community, which holds elections for its administrative councils that are entirely without nominations or campaigning.